UN CRC Convention


A Convention is an agreement between countries to obey the same law. When the government of a country ratifies a Convention, that means it agrees to obey their law written down in that Convention.
The Indian Government ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the 11th of December 1992. That means our government now has to make sure that every child has all the rights explained in the Convention. Each article of the Convention explains one of your rights. The Convention on the Rights of the Child is written for lawyers, so it is not easy even for adults to understand the rights. We think they are very important and explain them here in our own words. You have a right to know what your rights are and it says so in article 42.
Article 1.
Everyone under 18 years of age has all the rights in this Convention.
Article 2.
You have these rights, whoever you are, whoever your parents are whatever colour, religion or caste you are, whatever sex or community you are, whatever language you speak, whether you have a disability, or if you are rich or poor.
Article 3.
Whenever an adult has anything to do with you, he or she should do what is best for you.
Article 6.
Everyone should recognize that you have the right to live.
Article 7.
You have the right to have a name and when you are born your name your parents names and the date should be written down. You have the right to a nationality, and the right to know and be cared for by your parents.
Article 9.
You should not be separated from your parents unless it is for your own good. For instance, your parents may be hurting you or not taking care of you. Also if your parents decide to live apart, you will have to live with one or the other of them, but you have the right to contact both parents easily.
Article 10.
If you and your parents are living in separate countries, you have the right to get back together and live in the same place.
Article 11.
You should not be kidnapped, and if you are, the government should try their hardest to get you back.
Article 12.
Whenever adults make a decision that will affect you in any way, you have the right to give your opinion, and the adults have to take that seriously.
Article 13.
You have the right to find out things and say what you think through speaking, writing making art etc, unless it breaks the rights of others.
Article 14.
You have the right to think what you like and practice whatever religion you want. Your parents should help you learn what is right and wrong.
Article 15.
You have the right to meet, make friends with and form clubs with other people unless it violates the rights of others.
Article 16.
You have the right to a private life. For instance, you can keep a diary that other people are not allowed to see.
Article 17.
You have the right to collect information from radio, newspapers, television, books etc from all around the world. Adults should make sure that you get information you can understand.
Article 18.
Both of your parents should be involved in bringing you up and they should do what is best for you.
Article 19.
No one should hurt you in any way. Adults should make sure that you are protected from abuse, violence and neglect. Even your parents have no right to hurt you.
Article 20.
If you do not have any parents or if it is not safe for you to live with your parents, you have the right to special protection and help.
Article 21.
If you have to be adopted, adults should make sure that everything is arranged in the way that is best for you.
Article 22.
If you are a refugee (meaning you have to leave your own country because it is not safe for you to live there) you have the right to special protection and help.
Article 23.
If you are disabled, either mentally or physically, you have the right to special care and education to help you grow up in the same way as other children.
Article 24.
You have a right to good health. This means that you should have professional care and medicines when you are sick. Adults should try their hardest to make sure that children do not get sick in the first place by taking good care of them.
Article 27.
You have the right to a good enough standard of living. This means that parents have the responsibility to make sure you have food, clothes, a place to live, etc If parents cannot afford this, the government should help.
Article 28.
You have a right to education. Primary education must be free and you must go to primary school. You should also be able to go to secondary school.
Article 29.
The purpose of your education is to develop your personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to the fullest. Education should also prepare you to live responsibly and peacefully in a free society, understanding the rights of other people and respecting the environment.
Article 30.
If you come from a minority group you have the right to enjoy your own culture , practise your own religion and use your own language.
Article 31.
You have a right to play.
Article 32.
You have the right to be protected from working in places or conditions that are likely to damage your health or get in the way of your education. If somebody is making money out of your work you should be paid fairly.
Article 33.
You have the right to be protected from illegal drugs and from the business of making and selling drugs.
Article 34.
You have the right to be protected from sexual abuse. This means that nobody can do anything to your body that you do not want them to do, such as touching you or taking pictures of you or making you say things that you don't want to say.
Article 35.
No one is allowed to kidnap or sell you.
Article 37.
Even if you do something wrong no one is allowed to punish you in a way that humiliates you or hurts you badly. You should never be put in prison except as a last resort and if you are put in prison you have the right to special care.
Article 38.
You have a right to protection in times of war. If you are under fifteen you should never have to be in an army or take part in a battle.
Article 39.
If you have been hurt or neglected in any way, for instance in a war, you have the right to special care and treatment.
Article 40.
You have the right to defend yourself if you have been accused of committing a crime. The police and the lawyers and judges in court should treat you with respect and make sure you understand everything that is going on.
Article 42.
All adults and all children should know about this Convention. You have a right to learn about your rights and adults should learn about them too. The Convention on the Rights of the Child has 54 articles in all but most of the rest are about how adults and government should work together to make sure all children get all their rights.

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